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More difficult for municipalities with a small population to access targeted government grants

Sweden’s municipalities are partially financed by targeted government grants and the municipal property charge, which is a state tax. The Swedish NAO now recommends the Government to make it easier for municipalities with a small population to access all grants and to clarify the purpose of the property charge.

Flygfoto över Jokkmokk.

Photo: Mikael Svensson

The municipal property charge and the targeted government grants have different purposes and aim to strengthen municipal finances in different ways.

The Swedish NAO has audited the distribution of these funds among municipalities. The audit shows that the distribution functions largely in line with the objective of ensuring that all municipalities have equal economic conditions.

However, there are shortcomings. Municipalities with a small population to a lesser extent receive targeted government grants, which is not consistent with the objective of equal economic conditions.

“The Government should review the design for grants that are difficult to access for smaller municipalities,” says Auditor General Helena Lindberg.

The audit also indicates that the role of the municipal property charge as a municipal source of revenue should be investigated. The charge was introduced when the property tax was abolished in 2008, but no clear purpose was specified by the Riksdag and the Government.

The Government stated that the charge would incentivise municipalities to stimulate activities such as housing construction. However, increased tax exemption for newly built housing weakened this incentive. There are major differences in municipalities’ revenue from the property charge, largely due to the number of single-family houses in each municipality when the charge was introduced.

“If the purpose of the charge is unclear, it also makes it difficult to understand the grounds on which the funds are allocated. A review should be carried out here,” says Anna Brink, project leader for the audit.


The Swedish NAO makes the following recommendations to the Government:

  • Investigate the local government property charge as a municipal source of revenue. The objective should be clarified and the funds should be distributed in accordance with the objective.
  • Continue efforts to make it easier for municipalities to receive targeted government grants, in particular grants distributed without municipality-specific grant frameworks.

Press contact: Olle Castelius, phone: +46 8-5171 40 04.

Presskontakt: , telefon: 08-5171 42 06.

Updated: 17 February 2022

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